Before the emergency​

Many Western Australians have experienced devastating losses caused by emergencies, such as bushfires, floods, storms and other hazards. Individuals, communities, businesses, Local and State Government all h​​ave a role to play in being prepared for emergencies. There are four aspects of emergency management, being Prevention, Preparedness, Response and Recovery. Emergency management aspects that occur before the emergency are 'prevention' and 'preparedness'. ​


​​​Prevention / M​itigation

​Prevention strategies and activities may include:

Emergency management prevention activities eliminate or reduce the probability of occurrence of a specific hazard.  They also reduce the degree of damage likely to be incurred.

Prevention is a measure to eliminate or reduce the incidence or severity of emergencies. Prevention includes the identification of hazards, the assessment of threats to life and property and the taking of measures to reduce potential loss of life or property.

The Emergency Management Act 2005 defines Prevention as - the mitigation or prevention of the probability of the occurrence of, and the potential adverse effects of, an emergency. ​

Em​​​​​​​​​​ergency Risk Management Planning

​Mitigation strategies should be guided by emergency risk management planning.

ERM planning is to be undertaken in accordance with the Western Australian Emergency Risk Management Procedure​ which considers impacts across the State Core Objectives. WA ERM processes are aligned with the Australian and New Zealand International Standard Organisation (AS/NZS ISO) 31000:2009 Risk Management – Principles and Guideline.

The SEMC, under section 14(e) of the EM Act has responsibility to – ‘develop and coordinate risk management strategies to assess community vulnerability to emergencies’. The SEMC has resolved to give effect to this by assigning roles and responsibilities for emergency risk management planning to HMAs, EMAs and local governments as detailed in the State EM Procedures.

In addition to the Emergency Management Act 2005 (EM Act) and Emergency Management Regulations 2006 (EM Regulations), other legislation is applicable to hazard prevention and mitigation as outlined in the Hazards Prevention and Mitigation Legislation Table.

• Drafting Legislation

• Building flood levees

• Bushfire mitigation programs

• Developing building codes

• Quarantine and border control measures

• Public Health Strategies

• Critical infrastructure protection programs

• Hazardous material safety initiatives

• Insuring Assets

• Public Information strategies

• Land Management Programs

Land Use Planning

• Public Education programs

• Building Regulations

• Natural Disaster Resilience Programs





​Preparedness strategies and activities may include:

​Emergency Management preparedness activities focus on essential emergency response capabilities through the development of plans, procedures, organisation and management of resources, training and public education.

Preparedness is a measure to ensure that, should an emergency occur, communities​, resources and services are capable of coping with the effects.

The Emergency Management Act 2005 defines Preparedness as - Preparation for response to an emergency.

​• Emergency Response Planning

• Education and Training Programs

• Nominating Evacuation Shelters​

• Mutual aid agreements

• Conducting Test exercises for Hazard plans

• Interoperability of systems across the State

• Resource inventories

• Critical infrastructure resilience planning

• Developing Warning Systems

• Public Education Strategies

• Public Information Strategies

• SEMC Annual Report

• SEMC Preparedness Report


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Emergency management policies associated with BEFORE the emergency:

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